This theory goes back to Plato and Aristotle. He escaped and went to a hospital before bleeding out. It was named by G.E.M. But if telling a lie would help save a person’s life, consequentialism says it’s the right thing to do. We can see this in the famous Trolley Problem. If you could go back in time and kill Hitler as a baby, would you do it? What would Kant do? I can make a promise, and maybe to keep that problem I have to do something that would be considered wrong by Consequentialists. The action that results in most satisfaction for most people is the best one. If we save just one life, that person may turn out to be a doctor and could potentially save thousands of others in his lifetime. The goal is for you to compare to prominent modern ethical theories in terms of their key claims and characteristics. Reference: 1. Which would be pretty enjoyable since I’m are a car guy, or donate the money to charity and make a few lives a little bit better. And then you will apply these different ethical positions to contemporary moral problems and various aspects of life. He escaped and went to a hospital before bleeding out. Permissiveness is often a critic of consequentialism. Actions that obey these rules are ethical, while actions that do not, are not. In summary, consequentialism looks at the result of one’s chosen action as the norm for how one ought to act. Most of the ideas behind this theory are based on Plato’s ideas. It focuses on character instead of actions or consequences. Let’s check some daily life examples of deontology ethics. An example of this is the positing of rights not being violated, or duties being kept, as part of the Good to be maximized—the so-called “utilitarianism of rights” (Nozick 1974). Aristotle first asked this before he came up with his theory of Virtue Ethics. Example: A serial killer just got stabbed while trying to murder someone. The goal is for you to compare to prominent modern ethical theories in terms of their key claims and characteristics. Imagine you are confronted with two options. The paper focuses on the argument of W. D Ross in the exploration of deontology, while the paper focuses on the argument presented by Philip Pettit in the exploration of consequentialism. As do all ethical theories, consequentialism tries to pave the ground on what people should do or base their decisions on to act morally. Explain the core characteristics of deontology and consequentialism. Consequentialism is the analysis of the expected benefit of the results for a given course of action. One that brings you a lot of pleasure, and one that brings other people a lot of it, according to consequentialists, you should go for the latter. What is The Repugnant Conclusion Paradox? If an action generates good results, then it is right. This ethical theory is most closely associated with German philosopher, Immanuel Kant. It then highlights principlism, a useful approach to medical ethics that breaks down issues into four major principles: respect for autonomy, beneficence, nonmaleficence, and justice. There are three major normative ethical theories, and consequentialism is one of the most popular. One problem that we face is uncertainty. […] Simple Explanation. Thirdly, Identify the strengths and weaknesses of each each type of moral theory. To this day, this dilemma remains unsolved. Through empirical means consequentialism seeks the most desirable ends good for mankind. A deontologist, on the other hand has bears the risk, when s/he makes the choice to abide by what he finds correct, as per apriory means on his/her dispense. The Trolley Problem: Killing 1 to Save 5, What Would Kant Do? Say I win the lottery. You will discuss similarities, differences, strengths, and weaknesses. The paper focuses on the argument of W. D Ross in the exploration of deontology, while the paper focuses on the argument presented by Philip Pettit in the exploration of consequentialism. Mygestaltherapy.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for websites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. The two theories of normative ethics consequentialism and deontology have a different point of view of where explained below (Philosophy basics, 2017): If you have the chance to confront and kill Hitler, the moral decision would be to execute him, since you would prevent him from killing millions of people. Deontology and consequentialism are two contrasting normative ethical theories that determine the morality of an action. A consequentialist, bears risk, as s/he maintains the distance from truth, to see it clearly, for the sake of clearer vision. Consequentialism focuses on … Define these terms and give some examples of ethical theories studied. The greeks were pretty involved in the ideas of virtue. Consequentialism and deontology form part of the common approaches to moral thought. All Rights Reserved. Making sense of the world through philosophy. The term deontology is derived from the Greek deon, “duty,” and logos, “science.” It is only about following the rules and does not require weighing the cost and benefits of the situation. Apply these moral theories to a concrete example in contemporary ethics or personal life. You may save just one person against five because that person promised to save hundreds, when in fact they may be lying. The majority would say that saving five people is better than saving just one, and that is correct, from a utilitarian perspective at least. So, consequentialists, in theory, may support killing, if it prevents more killing.

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