This is followed by a historical account of the major criticisms leveled at the theory. It weakens social integration by giving members of the lower strata a feeling of exclusion from the society. One such functional prerequisite is the effective role allocation and performance. This mechanism that they mention is social stratification and should be seen as a system that attaches unequal rewards and privileges to the different positions of the society. The differential rewards encourage hostility. Radical Feminists would argue against the idea that the nuclear family is necessary, as shown by the fact that most single parent families do just a good job as socialising children as nuclear families. Melvin Tumin’s Critique of Theory of Social Stratification. This is because we can link the social stratification system to reflect the maintenance of the structure of society. Stratification is divisive rather than an integrating force. Tumin concludes that stratification by its very nature can never adequately perform the functions that Davis and Moore assigned to it. This is apparent in close systems such as caste and racial stratification. But it is rejected by Tumin and social stratification and act as a barrier to the motivation and recruitment of talent. It is simply a matter of opinion that lawyers and doctors are more important than farm laborers. Outline and explain two criticisms of the Functionalist view of society (10) To be on the safe side you want to provide two very different criticisms, develop both of them and briefly evaluate. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. However, it is easy to overstate how free people are – people may think their free, but human action is still patterned and things like suicide and educational success still seem to be shaped by an individual’s social background…, this was good, but not that useful and was really confusing. Social stratification can be examined from different sociological perspectives—functionalism, conflict theory, and symbolic interactionism. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. The difference in pay and prestige may be due to differences in power rather than their functional importance. The considerable evidence is found in western industrial societies that limit the possibilities of the discovery and utilization of talent in general. There is a considerable amount of evidence against this view – for example despite most people being socialised into traditional gender norms, many people today develop LGTBIQ identities; despite being socialised to obey the law, self-report studies show high levels of minor criminality. He questioned the adequacy of the measurement of the functional importance of positions as laid out by David and Moore. Social stratification is a necessary phenomenon in society. The analysis explores the basic postulates, assumptions, and logical articulation of the theory and isolates its distinctively functionalist components. Occupational groups often use their power to restrict access to their positions so creating a high demand for their services and increasing the rewards they receive. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. These cookies do not store any personal information. Melvin Tumin’s Critique of Theory of Social Stratification, UN Summit on Non- UN Report on Domestic Violence, HIV/AIDS and Mobility in South Asia- UNDP Report 2010, India's Development Report Card vis-a-vis MDG, Sociological Perspectives on Health and Illness, Scientific Method in Sociological Research, Changes in social organization of villages due to market economy. Firstly all roles must be filled. All of the following are criticisms of the functionalist perspective on stratification EXCEPT: A) it is difficult to assess differences in the importance of occupations. Even relatively open systems of stratification erect barriers to the motivation and recruitment of talent. Malvin Tumin presented a comprehensive criticism of Davis and Moore's theory. Thus a social class can act as an obstacle to the motivation of talent. C) stratification leads to improved efficiency and productivity. The lower an individual’s position the more likely he is to aspire and strive for highly reward and position. c. Davis and Moore argue like this: Feminists for example argue that the traditional nuclear family, which is seen as necessary by Parsons, oppresses women, as they are expected to fulfil the housewife role, which ultimately makes women dependent on men for an income, and ends up benefitting men who benefit from women’s emotional and domestic labour.

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