The islands were settled by Greeks at an early date, possibly as early as 1200 BC, and certainly by the 9th century BC. The Ionian Islands lie off the western coast of Greece. Find out how deep your knowledge of oceans and seas goes with this quiz. On May 2, 1864, the British departed and the islands became three provinces of the Kingdom of Greece, though Britain retained the use of the port of Corfu. They are traditionally called the Heptanese ("Seven Islands"; Ἑπτάνησα, Heptanēsa or Ἑπτάνησος, Heptanēsos; Italian: Eptaneso), but the group includes many smaller islands as well as the seven principal ones. Premium Membership is now 50% off! Since you are already here then chances are that you are looking for the Daily Themed Crossword Solutions. Egremni Beach. 45, County palatine of Cephalonia and Zakynthos, French rule in the Ionian Islands (1797–1799), French rule in the Ionian Islands (1807–1814), "Demographic and social characteristics of the Resident Population of Greece according to the 2011 Population - Housing Census revision of 20/3/2014", "Eurostat – Tables, Graphs and Maps Interface (TGM) table", "EUROPA – PRESS RELEASES – Press release – Unemployment in the EU27 regions in 2012 Regional unemployment rates ranged from 2.5% in Salzburg and Tirol to 38.5% in Ceuta and 34.6% in Andalucía", "INTERNATIONAL TOURIST ARRIVALS AT THE MAIN AIRPORTS, JAN-DEC 2012/2011- PROVISIONAL DATA", Archaic, Classical and Hellenistic period,, NUTS 2 statistical regions of the European Union, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with bad settlement type, Pages using infobox settlement with possible demonym list, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Articles containing Italian-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 September 2020, at 20:02. In 1798, the Russian Admiral Ushakov evicted the French, and established the Septinsular Republic under joint Russo-Ottoman protection—the first time Greeks had had even limited self-government since the fall of Constantinople in 1453. The GDP per capita for the same year was 18,440 euros per capita which was lower than the national median of 20,481. In the Ionian Sea, south of Greece, the Mediterranean reaches its greatest depth (16,000 feet [4,900 metres]). Corfu, Paxi and Kythera were taken by the Venetians in 1204, after the dissolution of the Byzantine Empire by the Fourth Crusade. The most populous of the major islands is Corfu with a population of 104,371, followed by Zakynthos (40,759), Kefalonia (35,801), Lefkada (23,693) and Ithaca (3,231). Corfu and Lefkas remained under Byzantine control. Written by themed April 1, 2018 Leave a Comment on A popular vacation isle in the Ionian Sea Answers. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). In recent decades, the islands have lost much of their population through emigration and the decline of their traditional industries, fishing and marginal agriculture. In 1943, the Germans replaced the Italians, and deported the centuries-old Jewish community of Corfu to their deaths. As a distinct historic region they date to the centuries-long Venetian rule, which preserved them from becoming part of the Ottoman Empire, and created a distinct cultural identity with many Italian influences. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Though considered by ancient authors to be part of the Adriatic Sea, the Ionian Sea is now seen as a separate body of water. Kefallonia and Zakynthos became the County palatine of Cephalonia and Zakynthos until 1357, when this entity was merged with Lefkada and Ithaki to become the Duchy of Leucadia under French and Italian dukes. Today, it's a picturesque haven for travelers seeking some serious R&R. Kefallonia is often spelled as Cephallenia or Cephalonia, Ithaki as Ithaca, Kerkyra as Corcyra, Kythera as Cythera, Lefkada as Leucas or Leucada and Zakynthos as Zacynthus or Zante. A popular vacation isle in the Ionian Sea Answers. The 1953 Ionian islands earthquake occurred with a surface wave magnitude of 7.2 and a maximum Mercalli intensity of X (Extreme) on August 12, 1953. A popular vacation isle in the Ionian Sea. In the 15th century, the Ottomans conquered most of Greece, but their attempts to conquer the islands were largely unsuccessful. They also regarded the Bavarian-born king of Greece, King Otto, as unfriendly to Britain.

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