The note B flat is raised by a semitone to become a B natural. Major-type scales and chords contain major 3rds. That is why it was decided to call the first scale “major scale” and the second “minor scale”. This gives them their major and minor sound qualities. Instead of annoying, creepy, privacy-invading ads, pop-ups, or selling your data, StudyBass relies on the support of its users. For example, the major scale contains a Root, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th, and 7th. flatted 3rds). Let’s compare a few examples of major and minor scales and chords: An A Major Scale is spelled: A – B – C# – D – E – F# – G# – (A). Major, Major Pentatonic, Mixolydian, Lydian) and many different minor-sounding scales (e.g. The other intervals that build scales and chords can and will be a mixture of major, minor, and perfect intervals. For example, G Major and E Minor are relative keys because they both share a key signature of one sharp. A C Major Triad is spelled: C – E – G. In music, relative keys are the major and minor keys that share the same key signature. It should be clear that everything in the music points to C minor: The first chord is C minor (the notes C – E flat – G) with the note C itself as the lowest note in the bass. Campus Box 90665 As you learn various scales and chord patterns on your instrument, pay particular attention to each pattern's third. As musicologist Roger Kamien explains, "[t]he crucial difference is that in the minor scale there is only a half step between '2nd and 3rd note' and between '5th and 6th note' as compared to the major scales where the difference between '3rd and 4th note' and between '7th and 8th note' is [a half step]." StudyBass is here to teach; you're here to learn. To use the interactive features of StudyBass, please enable javascript. The heavy course load is feasible for someone with a strong music background. Minor-type scales and chords have minor 3rds (a.k.a. Waived courses earn no credit towards the 34-course graduation requirement, nor will grades for them appear on your transcript. Every key signature has a corresponding major and minor key. As you continue studying scales you will learn there are many different major-sounding scales (e.g. That does not mean the minor 3rd must be spelled with a flat letter name. A request for waiver of any requirement for the music major or the music minor, together with supporting documentation where appropriate, should be submitted to the Director of Undergraduate Studies (DUS). ), 105 Mary Duke Biddle Music Building Similarly, most chords and arpeggios usually contain 3 or 4 different notes like a Root, 3rd, and 5th (triads), or a Root, 3rd, 5th, and 7th (seventh chords). After reviewing the request, the DUS may decide that the student needs to take a departmental examination in the area before a final decision can be made. It will require taking a heavy course load or an extra semester or two. Keep making music! For instance, remember the dominant 7th chord? The music major is a viable option for someone considering med school. Here is an example of a major 3rd (C to E) and a minor 3rd (C to Eb) [Click the play button on the diagrams to hear them. The hallmark that distinguishes major keys from minor is whether the third scale degree is major or minor. Shopping through these links also supports StudyBass: Amazon The third is what gives major-sounding scales and chords their brighter, cheerier sound, and what gives minor scales and chords their darker, sadder sound. Fax: (919) 660.3301duke-music@duke.edu, Meet the Class of 2020 Music Majors and Minors, MUSIC 261: Theory and Practice of Tonal Music I, MUSIC 255S: Music History I (Antiquity through Renaissance, MUSIC 256S: Music History II (1600 through Mozart), MUSIC 257: Music History III (Beethoven through WWI), MUSIC 258: Music History IV (Post-WWI through the Present), MUSIC 130: World Music: Aesthetic and Anthropological Approaches, MUSIC 137: Music, Social Life, and Scenes, MUSIC 144: Meet the Beatles and the 1960s, MUSIC 261 Theory and Practice of Tonal Music I, MUSIC 255S Music History I: Antiquity through Renaissance, MUSIC 256S Music History II: 1600 through Mozart, MUSIC 257 Music History III: Beethovan through WWI, MUSIC 258 Music History IV: Post-WWI through the Present, MUSIC 130 World Music: Aesthetic and Anthropological Approaches, MUSIC 290S-3 Special Topics in Ethnomusicology, MUSIC 255S Music History I: Antiquity through 1625, MUSIC 256S Music History II: From 1625 through 1800, MUSIC 257 Music History III: 1800 through Present, MUSIC 361 Theory and Practice of Tonal Music II, MUSIC 401 Advanced Study in Musical Performance, Music Minor Requirements for students entering Fall 2018 or later, MUSIC 101-108, 203-213 (excluding 210-3): classical or jazz piano, organ, harpsichord, violin, cello, string bass, classical or jazz guitar, harp, flute, oboe, clarinet, bassoon, saxophone, trumpet, French horn, trombone, tuba, percussion, djembe, voice, and some ensembles, MUS 318 [Instrumental Conducting], ​​​​​​​MUS 319 [Choral Conducting], MUS 418 [Advanced Study in Conducting], MUS 401 [Advanced Study in Musical Performance], NOTE: MUSIC 161 Introduction to Music Theory, if taken first, may count as an elective toward the minor. On the “minor” scale, these degrees are minor. 7:12–83 with Mi = 528 Hz. All of these scales and chords contain that important note the 3rd in them. While there are 3 different notes, the essential note giving these scales their major or minor sound quality is the 3rd. You will soon recognize the difference between 3rds and flat 3rds and the sound of major versus minor. Check out the chart below to look at the entire list! Despite having a minor 7th, this chord has a major-sounding quality to it because it has a major 3rd. No distractions. An A Natural Minor Scale is spelled: A – B – C – D – E – F – G – (A). Thank you for your support. NOTE: MUSIC 161: Introduction to Music Theory, if taken first, may count as an elective toward the Minor. A minor 3rd is one note lower than a major 3rd. Musician's Friend Guitar Center. I hear this question from beginning students all of the time: The difference between major and minor chords and scales boils down to a difference of one essential note – the third. A music minor is a great option for a student who is passionate about music, performance or conducting, but who chooses to major in another field. It consists of 6 total course credits, of which at least three must be at the 100 level or above. ©2003-2020 Leading Tone Media, LLC - all rights reserved, Copying or distributing studybass.com content, in whole or in part, is strictly prohibited. Notice the third of the major scale (C#) is one note lower in the minor scale (C). Many music programs don't allow a music minor. Flatting the 3rd creates a minor 3rd interval giving the minor triad its minor sound. Again, flatting the third makes the scale’s third a minor third interval instead of a major third. You will notice there are actually three different notes between a major scale and a natural minor scale which start on the same note (compare the diagrams above). A minimum of 5.5 course credits are required for the Minor. As there are other types of major and minor scales, these basic scales that we just saw are called “ natural scales “, as they are the most basic and primitive in music … Regardless of what other notes differ, it is the 3rd that gives a scale its "major-ness" or "minor-ness". As you learn various scales and chord patterns on your instrument, pay particular attention to each pattern's third. Intervals are essential to understanding scale and chord construction.). Durham, NC 27708, Tel: (919) 660.3300 Our program aims to broaden, as well as deepen, students' understanding of the art of music and offers a good deal of flexibility, as outlined in the requirements below.

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